Nephrocalcinosis, previous known as Anderson-Carr kidney or Albright calcinosis, refers to the deposition of calcium salts in the parenchyma of the kidney. It is divided into several types, with differing etiologies, based on the distribution:
- medullary nephrocalcinosis: 95%
- cortical nephrocalcinosis: 5%
- partial, combined cortical and medullary nephrocalcinosis : rare
History and etymology
An American surgeon L F Anderson in the 1940s, and a British radiologist, Reginald J Carr, in the 1950s, carried out pioneering work on the formation of renal calculi .